Amphioctopus marginatus

Scientific Name:-
Amphioctopus marginatus

Common Name:-
Veined or Coconut Octopus

Malayalam Name:-
Varayan neerali


Found commonly in Kerala coast


A medium-sized cephalopod belonging to the genus Amphioctopus. The main body of the octopus is typically around 8 160 centimeters 3 160 in in size, and, with arms, approximately 15 160 centimeters 6 160 in long. The octopus displays a typical color pattern with dark ramified lines similar to veins, usually with a yellow siphon. The arms are usually dark in color, with contrasting white suckers. In many color displays, a lighter trapezoidal area can be seen immediately below the eye.


Not recorded.


Commonly preys upon shrimp, crabs, and clams, and displays unusual behaviour, including bipedal walking and gathering and using coconut shells and seashells for shelter.


Found in shallow seas, mostly with sandy bottom.


Octopus marginatus Taki, 1964 (original combination); Octopus striolatus Dong, 1976


Finn, J.K., Tregenza ,T. & Norman M.D. (2009). Defensive tool use in a coconut-carrying octopus. Current Biology 19: 1069-1070.
Norman, M.D. 2000. Cephalopods: A World Guide. Conch Books. Hackenheim, Germany, 320pp.
Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154., available online at
Sreeja, V. and Biju Kumar, A. 2013. Ethological studies on veined octopus, Amphioctopus marginatus (Taki) in captivity. Journal of Threatened Taxa (Accepted)

Back to the search results.