Meretrix casta

Scientific Name:-
Meretrix casta

Common Name:-
Yellow clam

Malayalam Name:-
Manja kakka


Not evaluated


Ovate shell. Thick and horny periostracum when removed exposes a polished yellow shell. Anterior and posterior lateral teeth present. Long posterior lateral tooth. Elongate and strong hinge. Shallow pallial sinus.


Not recorded


Pea crabs is known to infest these clams and cause damage to the soft parts. Meretrix casta is widely used as a cheap source of protein, raw material for manufacturing lime.


Estuarine, subtidal


Corbicula satparaënsis Preston, 1914
Cytherea crassa Gray, 1825
Cytherea impudica Lamarck, 1818
Cytherea ovum Hanley, 1845
Meretrix exilis Römer, 1865
Venus casta Gmelin, 1791
Venus creplini Dunker, 1852


Abraham K. C. 1953. Observations on the biology of Meretrix casta (Chemnitz). Proc.
Appukuttan, K.K., T.S. Velayudhan, P. Laxmilatha, V.Kripa, P.. Allocyious, M.vinod, G.S. Gayathri and K.A. Narasimham. 2002. Marine Fisheries information service T&Eser., No. 174. 1-4.
Bijukumar, A. 2012. Keralatheerathe Kadal Jeevikal (Marine Animals of Kerala Coast- A Field Guide). Kerala State Biodiversity Board, Thiruvananthapauram, Kerala 304pp. (in Malayalam)
Kripa, V. and Mathew Joseph. 1992. Fishery for the marine clam Sunetta scripta at Vyppin Island, Cochin. Marine Fisheries Information Service, 117: 11-13.
Laxmilatha, P. M.P. Sivadasan and V.G. Surendranathan. 2007. Bivalve Resources and its exploitation in Malabar. Marine Fisheries information service T & E ser., No. 192, 6-10.
Laxmilatha, P., Sujatha Thomas, V.G. Surendranathan, M.P. Sivadasan and N.P. Ramachandran. 2011. Bivalve resources of moorad estuary, North Kerala. Marine Fisheries information service T & E ser., No. 207. 24-25.
Preston, H.B. 1916. Report on a collection of mollusc from Cochin and Ennur backwaters. Rec. Indian. Mus. 12: 27-39.
Ramakrishna and Dey 2010. Annotated Checklist of Indian Marine Molluscs (Cephalopoda, Bivalvia and scaphopoda): Part-1 Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occ. Paper No., 320: 1-357.
zool. Soc. India, 5 (2): 163-190.

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